The Northern Colonies
The New England Colonies
The people who settled in the New England Colonies were called "Pilgrims".
Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence
Colony Name: Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Smallest colony and state
Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)
Rhode Island become a state on May 29, 1790 and was the last colony to become a state.
Founded: 1537 by John Wheelwright
Colony Name: Province of New Hampshire
Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes and fishing), Manufacturing (textiles)
Explored by the French and English
Founded: 1635 by Thomas Hooker and others at Hartford
Colony Name: Connecticut Colony
Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, wheat)
Settled by Puritans from Massachusetts
Nickname: "The Constitution State" because their colonial laws were used as a guide when the U.S. Constitution was written
Connecticut became a state February 6, 1788.
Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop
Colony Name: Province of Massachusetts Bay
Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)
Settled by Pilgrims from England who were in search of a better life. The Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower and landed on Plymouth Rock December 21, 1921.
Massachusetts became a state February 6, 1788.
Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit
Colony Name: Delaware Colony
Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)
Delaware was the first state to be ratified as a state. It became a state on December 7, 1787.
Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others
Colony Name: Province of Pennsylvania
Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding)
Nickname: "Keystone State" because of its center arch around the 13 colonies
Pennsylvania became a state December 12, 1787.
Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others
Colony Name: Province of New York, named after the Duke of York
Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat)
Originally founded by the Dutch and called "New Amsterdam", then the English took it over and change its name to New York
New York became a state on July 26, 1788.
Founded: 1644 by English Colonists
Colony Name: Province of New Jersey
Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering)
Land was given to the Governor of the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel for this colony
New Jersey became a state December 18, 1787.
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