The Northern Colonies


The New England Colonies

The people who settled in the New England Colonies were called "Pilgrims".


Rhode Island 

Rhode Island flag

Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence

Colony Name: Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

Smallest colony and state  

Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing),  Manufacturing (lumbering)

Rhode Island become a state on May 29, 1790 and was the last colony to become a state.  


 New Hampshire  

New Hampshire flag

Founded: 1537 by John Wheelwright

Colony Name: Province of New Hampshire

Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes and fishing), Manufacturing (textiles)

Explored by the French and English


Connecticut flag

Founded: 1635 by Thomas Hooker and others at Hartford

Colony Name: Connecticut Colony

Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, wheat)

Settled by Puritans from Massachusetts

Nickname: "The Constitution State" because their colonial laws were used as a guide when the U.S. Constitution was written

Connecticut became a state February 6, 1788.


Massachusetts flag

Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop

Colony Name: Province of Massachusetts Bay

Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)

Settled by Pilgrims from England who were in search of a better life. The Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower and landed on Plymouth Rock December 21, 1921.  

Massachusetts became a state February 6, 1788.




Delaware flag

Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit

Colony Name: Delaware Colony  

Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering)

Delaware was the first state to be ratified as a state. It became a state on December 7, 1787.



Pennsylvania state flag

Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others  

Colony Name: Province of Pennsylvania  

Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding)

Nickname: "Keystone State" because of its center arch around the 13 colonies 

Pennsylvania became a state December 12, 1787.


New York

New York state flag

Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others

Colony Name: Province of New York, named after the Duke of York

Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat)

Originally founded by the Dutch and called "New Amsterdam", then the English took it over and change its name to New York  

New York became a state on July 26, 1788.


New Jersey

New Jersey state flag

Founded: 1644 by English Colonists

Colony Name: Province of New Jersey  

Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering)

Land was given to the Governor of the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel for this colony

New Jersey became a state December 18, 1787.




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