The Solar System
Grade 5

 

The Sun  
  • All planets revolve around the Sun.

  • The sun provides all energy to make life on Earth possible.

  • The sun is a giant star made up of hydrogen and helium.

  • The surface of the sun is actually cooler than its atmosphere at 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

The Sun
   
   

 

 

The Moon
 
  • The moon is also known as a satellite and is not a planet.

  • It has large craters that can be visibly seen.

  • It is the only mass in space that people have walked on.

The Moon
   
   
   

 

 

Mercury  
The closest planet to the sun, Mercury is the now smallest planet in the solar system.
It is like the moon, full of craters, rocky and has no air on it.
It is 20 times smaller than the Earth.
Mercury
   
   
   

 

Venus
 
The second planet from the sun, Venus is the hottest planet.
It is the brightest planet in the sky.
Venus is similar to Earth in size yet it is the heaviest of all the planets.
Venus
   
   
   

 

Earth  
Estimated to be 3-5 billion years old.
Earth's orbit around the sun makes a year at nearly 365 and 1/2 days.
Only 11% of the earth’s surface is used to grow food.
Known as the blue planet because from space,
the oceans combined with our atmosphere make our planet look blue.
Earth
   
   
   

 

Mars  
It is smaller than Earth but still has the same surface area.
There is evidence there was once some form of liquid on Mars.
It has seasons similar to Earth but they last much longer.
Mars
   
   
   

 

Jupiter
 
The 2nd brightest planet to Venus, it is also the largest of all planets.
Made up of mostly gases it is also a very windy planet.
It has faint rings around it and has a bigger magnetic field than Earth.
Jupiter
   
   
   

 

Saturn  
Known for its many rings, it is the 2nd largest planet. It weighs 95 times more than Earth.
Saturn is colder than Jupiter as it is twice as far as Jupiter from the sun.
It is also the 2nd largest planet made up of mostly gases.
Saturn
   
   
   

 

Uranus  
Another planet with faint rings, Uranus also has bands of clouds.
Bigger than Earth, you would weigh more on Uranus than on Earth.
Due to it being 20 times further away than Earth from the sun, the sun is not important on Uranus.
Uranus
   
   

 

Neptune  
Similar in size to Uranus, Neptune is made up of ices and rocks.
Has strong wind storms that can be 400 MPH and last for years.
Like Jupiter and Saturn, Neptune it radiates more than twice as much energy as it receives from the Sun.
Neptune
   
   
   

 

Pluto  
Originally known as the smallest planet, Pluto is no longer considered a planet by scientists. It is now a “dwarf planet”.
It was also known as a “double planet” because it has a moon  named Charon that orbits it.
Because it is so small if you weighed 70 pounds on Earth, you would be 4 pounds on Pluto.
Pluto is also the coldest planet being -382 ºF
Pluto
   
   
   

Please Take the Attached Quiz Here
 
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