What is a producer?
Plants are the first level in the food
chain or food webs and are known as
primary producers. They
make all the food and energy that is found in an ecosystem. Without plants
people or other animals could not survive because we would not have the food or
energy that we need.
Plants and vegetable make their own food and energy through a process called
Producers in other Ecosystems
In the desert many times there is
very little rainfall during the year so animals may need to get their water
from plants. The most common desert plant is the cactus. In order to eat a
cactus the animals need to have the right kind of mouths or know how to
avoid getting pricked, when they are trying to get food and water from a
Producers in the Water
[Seaweed] [Phytoplankton] [Kelp]
Did you know that there are producers that live in the water? The producers within an underwater ecosystem are called phytoplankton. Phytoplankton are like any other type of plant who changes the sun’s energy into food and they also provide oxygen to their fish friends. Seaweed and kelp are also ocean producers. Phytoplankton and kelp are both part of the algae family and have no roots, stems or leaves like land plants and can only grow in shallow water where they can get what they need from sunlight.
Producers in the Forest
Producers in the Arctic
Producers in our Diet
Some plants don’t get all the nutrients they need from the soil so they eat insects! These kinds of plants are called consumers, and there are over 400 types of plant consumers. The most common plant consumer is called a Venus Fly Trap.